World Rhino Day, observed on September 22nd each year, serves as a vital platform for raising awareness about the diverse rhinoceros species and the peril they face. These magnificent creatures have tragically become critically endangered due to persistent poaching and habitat loss.
The rhinoceros crisis initially emerged in Africa around 1990. By 2010, it had escalated to a global hazard, with growing concerns expressed by people worldwide. At that time, only 30,000 rhinos remained on our planet. It was in response to this crisis that World Rhino Day was established by the World Wildlife Fund – South Africa. The aim was to spread awareness about the dire situation and underscore the importance of saving these majestic animals. In 2011, a passionate rhino enthusiast named Lisa Jane Campbell expressed her desire to witness all five rhino species thriving in the world. This aspiration resonated globally, leading to World Rhino Day becoming an annual celebration on September 22.
Rhinos are on the brink of extinction due to poaching, climate change, and habitat disruptions. The annual observance of World Rhino Day underscores the urgency of protecting and preserving rhino species worldwide. Today, three rhino species—the black rhino, Javan rhino, and Sumatran rhino—are critically endangered.
The theme for 2023 Rhino Day:
The theme for World Rhino Day 2023 reflects the event’s inception in 2010 by WWF-South Africa. It was in 2011 when Lisa Jane Campbell, the founder of Annamitici and owner of the Chishakwe Ranch in Zimbabwe, joined forces with Rhishja Cota, the event’s creative director. Together, they aimed to raise awareness about the imperative need to safeguard all five rhino species from extinction.
Key Facts about Rhinos:
- Rhinos are partially blind, with vision limited to objects within 98 feet of them.
- Rhino horns are composed of Keratin, the same substance as human hair and nails.
- Rhinos are herbivores, exclusively consuming grass.
- Relative to their size, rhinos have relatively small brains.
- Despite their size, rhinos are surprisingly agile and can manoeuvre swiftly in tight spaces.
Q1. Who created World Rhino Day?
- World Rhino Day was first established by WWF-South Africa in 2010, and it has since grown into a global phenomenon.
Q2. What happens on World Rhino Day?
- On World Rhino Day, people worldwide have the opportunity to engage with cause-related organizations, NGOs, and zoos to celebrate and support rhinos in their own unique ways.
Q3. Which state in India celebrates World Rhino Day?
- In India, the state of Assam annually celebrates World Rhino Day, known as the home of the one-horned rhinos.